High blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension can cause various eye diseases and vision loss. Being overweight, having a sedentary lifestyle and family history may increase your risk for HBP.
In this post, your local eye doctor at Eye RX discusses the harmful effects of high blood pressure on your eyes.
Eye Conditions Caused by HBP
Blood Vessel Damage (Retinopathy) – Insufficient blood flow in the retina can lead to blurred or complete loss of vision. Those with diabetes and high blood pressure are more likely to develop the disease. The only line of treatment for hypertensive retinopathy is through managing HBP. Patients with mild to moderate retinopathy don’t usually experience symptoms so comprehensive eye exams are important in the early detection and treatment of the condition.
Fluid Buildup Under the Retina (Choroidopathy) – The accumulation of fluid in the retina, the part of the eye responsible for sending images to the brain, leads to distorted vision and scarring that impairs vision.
Nerve Damage (Optic Neuropathy) – Blocked blood flow harms the optic nerve and can cause your eye’s nerve cells to die. This often causes temporary or complete vision loss.
How Do You Prevent These Diseases?
Maintaining normal blood pressure is key to preventing these eye problems. Keep in mind that HBP is also a leading cause of stroke which damages the optic nerve or the part of the brain responsible for image processing.
Eat a well-balanced diet with low salt content. You should also limit your caffeine and alcohol intake. Maintain a healthy weight by consistently participating in physical activities. If you’re a smoker, you should quit. Stay aware of your blood pressure to see if the changes you’re making are working.
In addition, it’s important to have comprehensive eye exams to monitor your eye health. Visit your local eye doctor, Eye RX, for your vision needs. Aside from treatments for eye diseases, we also offer specialty contact lenses and quality eyeglass frames. Call us at (202) 683-7048 or book an appointment online. We welcome patients in Washington, DC.