Eye floaters are small spots, specks or lines that you may see drifting across your field of vision. They move when your eyes do, and they may appear to be darting away whenever you try looking at them directly. They may seem to be in front of your eyes, but they are actually the shadows of floating gel clumps inside your eyes.
Eye Rx, your provider of quality frames and other eye care services, discusses more about eye floaters.
What Causes Them
Eye floaters can happen for a number of reasons. Increasing age is one of the most common causes. As you become older, the vitreous, or the jelly-like substance that fills your eyeballs and helps maintain their round shape, changes. It becomes more liquid over time, which causes it to pull away from the interior surface of your eyeballs.
Consequently, the vitreous shrinks and sags, which makes it clumpy and stringy. Your eye doctor explains that the aging vitreous’ debris often blocks light from passing through your eyes. As a result, you see tiny shadows in the form of dots, cobwebs or lines in your field of vision.
The retina is the thin layer of light-sensitive tissue at the back of your eyes. It converts light to neural signals. When a sagging vitreous tugs on it, it may detach from its underlying layer. This may cause tears in the retina, which may lead to the appearance of eye floaters.
What To Do When You Have Eye Floaters
Most of the time, eye floaters do not require any treatment. They might annoy or frustrate you at times, but you’ll eventually get used to them. Over time, you might not even notice them anymore. That said, if the floaters are increasing in number or are causing significant visual impairment, visit your optometrist for comprehensive eye exams.
Management of eye floaters largely depend on what causes them. If you have a torn retina, for example, measures will be taken to repair that retina and put it back in place. Your eye doctors may also recommend performing a surgery to remove the vitreous, and replace it with a solution to help maintain your eyes’ shape. We may use a special laser to break up the floaters as well.
To learn more about eye floaters, contact us at (301) 761-3814 in Chevy Chase, MD, or (202) 683-7048 for Washington, DC, residents. You may also complete our form. We serve Chevy Chase and nearby communities.