The retina is the part of your eye that’s responsible for converting light into signals that are sent to your brain for interpretation. It contains a small, sensitive spot near its center called the macula. The macula contains millions of light-sensitive cells that help give you sharp central vision.
Over time, the macula may deteriorate, leading to a condition known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Eye Rx, your trusted provider of frames and other eye care services, shares important information about this problem.
Causes and Risk Factors
As the name suggests, increasing age is a major risk factor for AMD development. In fact, it is common among individuals aged 60 and above. That said, it could also happen earlier, especially if you have a relative who has been diagnosed of the same condition. Smokers are also at a higher risk of having AMD.
Different Types and Their Respective Symptoms
AMD is generally classified as either dry or wet. Your eye doctor shares that around 85 to 90% of people with AMD have the dry kind. This type of AMD is associated with the formation of drusen, which are the fat and protein deposits that collect under your retina. While drusen in your eyes are often normal and harmless, they may compromise your vision if they build up in front of your macula. If left unmanaged, this may result in gradual vision loss.
Wet AMD, on the other hand, involves the growth of extra blood vessels underneath your macula. Their fragile structure, however, causes them to break easily, resulting in fluid leaks into your retina. Wet AMD is often linked to immediate and permanent blindness.
Currently, there’s no cure for AMD. That said, immediate detection is key to preventing it from stealing your eyesight. This is why having eye exams on a regular basis is so important. The sooner we diagnose AMD, the better chance we have of preserving your vision. Eating nutritious foods, exercising regularly and avoiding or not smoking are also essential to your treatment plan. We may suggest injecting medications or performing laser therapy to stop new blood vessels from forming in your eyes. These methods are also helpful in stopping blood leaks into your eyes.
For more AMD information, call us at (301) 761-3814 for Chevy Chase, MD, or (202) 683-7048 for Washington, DC. You may also complete our form. We serve residents of Washington, DC, and the surrounding areas.